When using biological (not human!) material from abroad as part of a research project, this research project could be subject to special legal requirements. The Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing is an international agreement, which aims at sharing the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable way. All scientists using genetic resources and/or dealing with traditional knowledge that is based on such genetic resources are legally required to concern themselves with the respective national and international rules and laws. You can use this checklist to determine whether your research falls within the scope of the EU ABS regulation.
The Nagoya Protocol does not differentiate between basic research and commercially motivated research. The genetic and/or biochemical analysis of biological (non-human!) material also for purposes of non-commercial research is defined as a use in the sense of the Nagoya Protocol. For this reason, the DFG Senate Commission on Fundamental Questions on Biological Diversity published information material that is intended to support scientists in dealing with the Nagoya Protocol.